- a theory or method based on the thesis that human reason can in principle be the source of all knowledge. In the modern period, rationalism was initially championed by René Descartes and spread during the 17th and 18th centuries, primarily in continental Europe. It is opposed with empiricism.• Critical rationalism - the philosophy that tenants of science should always be criticized and questioned so as to continually prove their worth.• Pancritical rationalism - a sub-concept of critical rationalism, it argues that every tenant of science or commonly held truth should be questioned regardless of an authority figure's justification or assurance that it is true.
Mini philosophy glossary . 2014.
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Rationalism — • Term used in an exact sense, to designate a particular moment in the development of Protestant thought in Germany, or in a broader, and more usual, sense to cover the view that the human reason, or understanding, is the sole source and final… … Catholic encyclopedia
raţionalism — RAŢIONALÍSM s.n. 1. Curent în teoria cunoaşterii, care consideră raţiunea ca singurul izvor al cunoaşterii autentice şi certe. 2. Încredere în capacitatea raţiunii de a cunoaşte realitatea. [pr.: ţi o ] – Din fr. rationalisme. Trimis de… … Dicționar Român
Rationalism — Ra tion*al*ism (r[a^]sh [u^]n*al*[i^]z m), n. [Cf. F. rationalisme.] 1. (Theol.) The doctrine or system of those who deduce their religious opinions from reason or the understanding, as distinct from, or opposed to, revelation. [1913 Webster] 2.… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
rationalism — index dialectic Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 … Law dictionary
rationalism — ► NOUN ▪ the practice or principle of basing opinions and actions on reason and knowledge rather than on religious belief or emotional response. DERIVATIVES rationalist noun … English terms dictionary
rationalism — [rash′ən əl iz΄əm] n. [ RATIONAL + ISM] 1. the principle or practice of accepting reason as the only authority in determining one s opinions or course of action 2. Philos. the doctrine that knowledge comes from the intellect in itself without aid … English World dictionary
rationalism — rationalist, n. rationalistic, rationalistical, adj. rationalistically, adv. /rash euh nl iz euhm/, n. 1. the principle or habit of accepting reason as the supreme authority in matters of opinion, belief, or conduct. 2. Philos. a. the doctrine… … Universalium
Rationalism — This article is about the philosophical method, position, theory, or view. For other uses, see Rationalism (disambiguation). In epistemology and in its modern sense, rationalism is any view appealing to reason as a source of knowledge or… … Wikipedia
RATIONALISM — European modernist architecture of the 1920s and 1930s was defined as a functional style of construction stripped of applied decoration, whereby the intrinsic characteristics of a building s materials were brought to the forefront of its… … Historical Dictionary of Architecture
rationalism — A general tendency in Islamic thought that emphasizes the primacy of reason or intellect (‘aql) over tradition (naql). Rationalist theologians and philosophers believe that God’s existence, His unity and attributes, the origin and order of the … Islamic philosophy dictionary